Bulisik

Aristotle: Happiness And Virtue

Posted on: March 12, 2009

Chapter: 8- Aristotle: Happiness And Virtue

Book: Contemporary Moral Problems

Author: James E. White

Amazon: http://www.amazon.com/Contemporary-Moral-Problems-James

White/dp/0495553204/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1234122156&sr=1-1

Quote: “All Human Beings Seek Happiness.”

What I expect to learn:

The learning expectation for this chapter review would be all about the relationship of happiness and virtue.

Chapter Review:

For me, this chapter is all about studying of how a person defines happiness and virtue. For Aristotle, happiness is not pleasure, honor, or wealth, but an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue. Happiness is related to virtue by means that virtue is something that he/she likes to do like vices; it makes him/her happy. Lastly, happiness is related to pleasure because pleasure surely makes a person happy because it is something that a person always wants. Aristotle also explains that virtue is something that a product of training and habits, it is also the mean between the vices of excess and deficiency.

What I’ve learned:

What have I learned is that not all happiness is about pleasure, honor or wealth but also with vices of excess and deficiency.

Integrative Questions:

1. What is the happiness?

2. What is virtue?

3. What is moral virtue?

4. What is intellectual virtue?

5. What is the meaning of the vices of excess and deficiency?

Review Questions:

1. What is happiness, according to Aristotle? How is it related to virtue? How is it related pleasure?

Happiness according to Aristotle is that happiness is the best, noblest, and most pleasant thing in the world. For me, that means that happiness is doing anything that makes a person feel comfortable and contented. Happiness is related to virtue by means that virtue is something that he/she likes to do like vices; it makes him/her happy. Lastly, happiness is related to pleasure because pleasure surely makes a person happy because it is something that a person always wants.

2. How does Aristotle explain moral virtue? Give some examples.

Moral Virtue according to Aristotle comes from training and habit and generally is a state of character that is a mean between vices of excess and deficiency. For example, Aristotle portrays the virtue of courage as a mean between the extremes of rashness (an excess) and cowardice (a deficiency).

3. Is it possible for everyone in our society to be happy, as Aristotle explains it? If not, who cannot be happy?

Yes, according to Aristotle all human beings seek happiness thats why everyone is possible to be happy.

Discussion Questions:

1. Aristotle characterizes a life of pleasure a suitable for beasts. But what, if anything, is wrong with a life of pleasure?

2. Aristotle claims that the philosopher will be happier than anyone else. Why is this? Do you agree or not?

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