Bulisik

Friedrich Nietzsche: Master- and Slave-Morality

Posted on: March 12, 2009

Chapter: 3- Friedrich Nietzsche: Master- and Slave-Morality

Book: Contemporary Moral Problems

Author: James E. White

Amazon:http://www.amazon.com/Contemporary-Moral-Problems-James

White/dp/0495553204/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1234122156&sr=1-1

Quote: “A healthy society allows superior individuals to exercise their will to power, their drive toward domination and exploitation of the inferior.”

What I expect to learn:

The learning expectation for this chapter review would be what is master-morality and slave-morality.

Chapter Review:

For me, this chapter is all about teaching and describing what is a good and healthy society is. A good and healthy society in describing that a healthy society allows superior individuals to exercise their “will to power”, their drive toward domination and exploitation of the inferior.

In this chapter, I also learned what is master-morality and slave-morality. Master Morality emphasizes power, strength, egoism and freedom, while Slave-Morality calls for weakness, submission, sympathy and love.

What I’ve learned:

What have I learned is that power has always come on top. The weak are the ones who became slaves and the powerful became the masters.

Integrative Questions:

1. What is will to power?

2. What is master-morality?

3. What is slave-morality?

4. Who experience master-morality and slave morality?

5. What is creator of values?

Review Questions:

1. How does Nietzsche characterize a good and healthy society?

Nietzsche characterizes a good and healthy society in describing that a healthy society allows superior individuals to exercise their “will to power”, their drive toward domination and exploitation of the inferior.

2. What is Nietzsche’s view of injury, violence, and exploitation?

Nietzsche’s view of injury, violence, and exploitation is that every individual has actual similarity of the amount of force and degree of worth and their co-relation within one organization.

3. Distinguish between master-morality and slave-morality.

Master Morality emphasizes power, strength, egoism and freedom, while Slave-Morality calls for weakness, submission, sympathy and love.

4. Explain the Will to Power.

Will to Power means to gain ground, acquire ascendancy- not owing to any morality of immorality and to grow.

Discussion Questions:

1. Some people view Nietzsche’s writings as harmful and even dangerous. For example, some have charged Nietzsche with inspiring Nazism. Are these charges justified or not? Why or why not?

These charges are justified because, as I read this case, it is all about power or being superior just like what master-morality means and Nazism is about power. It is all about master and slave.

2. What does it mean to be “a creator of value”?

A creator of value is someone who wants to do anything that he/she doesn’t need any approval, someone that determines values.

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